Key facts about STI/STD’s from the World Health Organization
- More than 1 million sexually transmitted infections (STI’s) are acquired every day worldwide
- Sexually transmitted diseases are on the rise in the United States. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis have all drastically increased. Chlamydia saw a 22 percent increase from 2014 to 2017, gonorrhoea rose 67 percent, and syphilis 76 percent. (Source: https://www.alarms.org/std-statistics/)
- Each year, there are an estimated 376 million new infections with 1 of 4 STI’s: chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis and trichomoniasis.
- More than 500 million people are estimated to have genital infection with herpes simplex virus.
- More than 290 million women have a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
- The majority of STI’s have no symptoms or only mild symptoms that may not be recognized as an STI.
- STI’s such as HSV type 2 and syphilis can increase the risk of HIV acquisition.
- In some cases, STI’s can have serious reproductive health consequences beyond the immediate impact of the infection itself (e.g., infertility or mother-to-child transmission)
- Drug resistance, especially for gonorrhoea, is a major threat to reducing the impact of STI’s worldwide.
Health Implications of STI/STD’s:
More than 30 different bacteria, viruses and parasites are known to be transmitted through sexual contact. Eight of these pathogens are linked to the greatest incidence of sexually transmitted disease. Of these 8 infections, 4 are currently curable: syphilis, gonorrhoea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. The other 4 are viral infections which are incurable: hepatitis B, herpes simplex virus (HSV or herpes), HIV, and human papillomavirus (HPV). Symptoms or disease due to the incurable viral infections can be reduced or modified through treatment.
- STI’s like herpes and syphilis can increase the risk of HIV acquisition three-fold or more.
- HPV infection causes 570 000 cases of cervical cancer and over 300 000 cervical cancer deaths each year.
- STI’s such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia are major causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility in women.
Symptoms of STI/STD’s:
STI’s are spread predominantly by sexual contact, including vaginal, anal and oral sex. Some STI’s can also be spread through non-sexual means such as via blood or blood products. Many STI’s—including syphilis, hepatitis B, HIV, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes, and HPV—can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy and childbirth.
A person can have an STI without having obvious symptoms of disease.
Common symptoms of STI’s include vaginal discharge, urethral discharge or burning in men, genital ulcers, and abdominal pain.
Myths and Misconceptions about STI/STD’s:
There’s lots of misinformation out there about sex, sexual health and sexually transmitted infections (STI’s). And this misinformation is only helping increase the epidemic rise of STI’s!
Can you get an STI from a toilet seat?
Is getting tested for an STI painful?
Does the Pill protect me from an STI?
I would know if I had a STI!!??
Click here https://helloclue.com/articles/sex/stis-common-questions-and-misconceptions and find out what’s a myth and what’s a fact.
Current Articles and Information:
Sexually transmitted diseases are on the rise in the United States. Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis have all drastically increased. Chlamydia saw a 22 percent increase from 2014 to 2017, gonorrhoea rose 67 percent, and syphilis 76 percent.
What is the STI state of YOUR State???? Click the link to find out more information.